Coaching vs Socratic Method

Socratic Method vs. Coaching: Powerful Art of Inquiry and Personal Development

In the tech world, where critical thinking and problem-solving are second nature, many professionals are familiar with the Socratic method. Since I introduce people to coaching, I hear often an assumption that coaching is essentially the Socratic questions. This article seeks to unravel the similarities between the Socratic method and coaching, shedding light on the nuanced differences that can significantly impact personal and professional development within the tech community. 

The Socratic Method: An Ancient Approach to Wisdom

Socrates, born in Athens in 469 BCE, is renowned for his contributions to Western philosophy. His method, known as the Socratic method, involved engaging in a dialogue through a series of probing questions and answers. Socrates believed that genuine knowledge was not about providing answers but to guide individuals in questioning their beliefs and assumptions.

  1. Questioning Assumptions: Socrates’ trademark was posing open-ended questions that prompted individuals to delve deeper into their thoughts. Something like “What is justice?” or “What is the good life?” Through this method, he encouraged them to reconsider long-held beliefs and ideas.
  2. Self-Discovery: Through this process, individuals would uncover contradictions in their beliefs and gain deeper insights into their own thinking. Socrates famously stated, “The unexamined life is not worth living,” emphasizing the importance of self-awareness and introspection.

Coaching: A Modern Approach to Personal Growth

In the modern world, coaching has become a valuable tool for personal and professional development. Coaches, like Socrates, use questioning techniques to help clients identify their goals, overcome challenges, and maximize their potential.

  1. Goal-Oriented: Coaches work with clients to define clear and specific goals. They employ a structured approach to guide clients in setting objectives and creating action plans.
  2. Accountability: Coaches provide support and accountability as clients work toward their goals. They ask powerful questions to encourage self-reflection and help clients stay on track.

The Common Ground: Socratic Method Meets Coaching

  1. Empowering Self-Discovery: Both the Socratic method and coaching are fundamentally rooted in empowering individuals to explore their inner worlds. Whether through philosophical dialogues or coaching conversations, both approaches encourage individuals to delve into their beliefs, values, and goals.
  2. The Power of Questions: Questions lie at the heart of both practices. They serve as catalysts for self-reflection, critical thinking, and personal growth. In both the Socratic method and coaching, questions invite individuals to examine their assumptions and uncover new insights.
  3. Client-Centered Focus: Whether in ancient Greece or the modern world, the emphasis in both the Socratic method and coaching is on the individual. Both approaches recognize the importance of the client’s perspective, experiences, and unique journey towards self-improvement.
  4. Personal Growth: The ultimate aim of both the Socratic method and coaching is personal growth and self-empowerment. They share a commitment to helping individuals reach their fullest potential and achieve a deeper understanding of themselves.

the differences

  1. The WHY: While Socrates sought to uncover contradictions through relentless questioning, ultimately aiming to reveal the fallacies within initial assumptions, the objectives of professional coaches take a different path. Unlike Socrates, coaches approach their work without a hidden agenda or predetermined destination in mind for their clients. Instead, they refrain from offering ready-made solutions and focus on empowering clients to discover their own answers and solutions.
  2. Context and Application: The Socratic method was primarily used for philosophical exploration and intellectual development. In contrast, coaching has a broader application, addressing personal, professional, and life-related issues.
  3. Goal Setting: Coaching places a strong emphasis on goal setting and achieving tangible results. It provides a structured framework for clients to identify what they want to achieve and how to get there.


While separated by time and context, the Socratic method and coaching stand united by their dedication to inquiry, self-awareness, and personal development. In the tech-savvy world, where questioning and innovation reign supreme, understanding the unique qualities of each approach can enhance problem-solving skills, enrich self-awareness, and ultimately drive success in both personal and professional endeavors. In the end, acknowledging these distinctive similarities and differences can open new doors to growth and self-discovery